Tampilkan postingan dengan label kesehatan wanita. Tampilkan semua postingan
Tampilkan postingan dengan label kesehatan wanita. Tampilkan semua postingan

Hormones in the Menstrual Cycle

Woman's menstrual cycle is very resolute by a convoluted interaction of diverse hormones. The major hormones engaged in the menstrual cycle is a gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estrogen, and progesterone. GnRH is secreted by the hypothalamus , FSH and LH secreted by the pituitary gland anterior, and estrogen and progestin secreted in the ovaries. GnRH stimulates the issue of LH and FSH from the anterior pituitary, which in turn stimulates the release of estrogen and progestin from the ovary.
Gonadotropin issuing Hormone (GnRH)

Gonadotropin issuing hormone (GnRH) released from the hypothalamus that pulsed throughout the menstrual cycle. In alignment to take the usual menstrual cycle, GnRH should be released in pulses. On mean, the frequency of GnRH secretion is one time per 90 minutes in the early follicular stage, increasing to one time per 60-70 minutes, and decreases with increasing amplitude during the luteal stage. GnRH induces the issue of FSH and LH, but LH is much more perceptive to alterations in grades of GnRH.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and is absolutely vital for the development of antral follicles to augment. FSH secretion reaches its top and most critical during the first week of the follicular stage of the menstrual cycle. FSH induces the secretion of estrogen and progesterone from the ovaries to activate the enzyme aromatase and p450 and exert contradictory feedback on GnRH secretion. FSH induces farther proliferation of granulosa cells and LH receptor sign in granulosa cells.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

Luteinizing hormone (LH) secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and is essential for the development of preovulatory follicles and luteinization and ovulation superior follicle. throughout the follicular stage of the menstrual cycle, LH induces androgen synthesis by cells of theca folikuli ; ​​stimulate expansion, differentiation, and secretion folikuli theca units, and increases LH receptors in granulosa units. Preovulatory LH rush push-division oocyte meiotic first and start luteinizing theca cells and granulosa. corpus luteum is then produce a number of progesterone and estrogen.
Estrogen

Estrogen is made in the ovaries and is absolutely vital for the development and maturation of antral Graafian follicles. Estrogens play a superior function in the late follicular phase until just before ovulation. Estradiol, the most powerful estrogen and abundant, mostly derived from androgens made by the theca cells. Androgen migrate from the theca units to the granulosa units, where they are altered to estradiol by the enzyme aromatase. A number of estradiol can furthermore be produced through de novo synthesis by the theca units. Perform activities encompassing induction estradiol FSH receptors on granulosa cells, proliferation and secretion of follicular theca units, induction of LH receptors in granulosa units, and proliferation of stromal units and endometrial epithelium. At the reduced grade circulation, use estrogen negative repsonse on LH and FSH secretion, but at a very high level of estrogen exert positive repsonse on LH and FSH secretion. Estrogen induces further expansion of granulosa units and synthesize estrogen converting estrogen receptor, therefore conceiving a affirmative repsonse for herself. In the endometrial cycle, estrogen induces expansion of endometrial glands.
Progestin

Progestin secreted in the ovaries, especially by terluteinisasi follicles. Progestin grades increase just before ovulation and peaked five to seven days post-ovulation. The first step in the synthesis of progestins requires p450 enzymes and progestin are two types of circulating progesterone and progesterone-hydroxy-17. Progestin stimulates the release of proteolytic enzymes from the theca units, which in turn organises ovulation. farther progestin induces migration of blood vessel walls into the follicle and stimulate the secretion of prostaglandins in follicular tissue. During the luteal phase, progestin induces enlargement and bigger secretion of the endometrium.

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What Is Menstruation?

Time span or menstruation is a release of blood and tissue coating the uterus of women. The combination of body-fluid and blood tissue is called menstruation or menstrual fluid. Women lost an mean of 3 to 6 tablespoons of body-fluid in each menstrual period. The period generally lasts for 3-5 days, but can also be up to 7 days.

First female menstruation, called menarkhe, usually at about age 11 or 12 years. The first menstrual bleeding tends to be very gentle and often no more than a few lets slip. After menarkhe, women continue to menstruate frequently every month until menopause, when the body halts releasing ova (egg cells). Menopause generally happens around age 51, but can happen earlier due to certain reasons such as surgery or sickness.
Menstrual Cycle

Menstruation is part of a woman's menstrual cycle, also called the reproductive cycle. The menstrual cycle prepares the body for pregnancy, and are controlled by hormones. This cycle generally takes between 28-30 days, but still when the smallest 22 days or a maximum of 35 days.

The menstrual cycle starts on the first day of menstruation and finishes on the last day (net) before the next menstrual period. After the fifth day of the reproductive cycle, estrogen levels increase, causing the uterine lining (endometrium) augments. Around day 4 twelfth cycle, one of the ovaries (ovarian) releases an egg. This method is called ovulation. At the same time, the hormone progesterone to arrange the endometrium for pregnancy. At this issue, if the sperm comes to the egg cell, the fertilized egg can attach itself to the uterine wall, initating pregnancy. If the egg is not fertilized, it will dissolve or be absorbed back into the body of a woman.

If the egg is not fertilized until about the 28th cycle, the body get relieve of endometrial bleeding through. Blood and endometrial tissue through the cervix and taken through the vagina. Bleeding is called menstruation. Start the next menstrual cycle. A woman is very little possibility of getting with child in the future than any other time in the menstrual cycle, but not impossible, particularly in women with irregular circuits.

Some disorders affiliated with menstruation:
Pre-menstrual syndrome (SPM)

SPM affects as many as 75% of women. As the name implies, SPM generally happens before menstruation and finishes after menstruation starts. SPM is the most widespread symptoms include abdominal cramps, flatulence, annoyance, breast tenderness, fatigue, mood swings, alterations in appetite, disquiet, agony in joints and sinews, adversity intensifying, nausea and despondency. Most women who suffer from SPM just experiencing some of these symptoms. When SPM is very critical symptoms, the status is called pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder / PMDD). roughly seven per hundred of women experience (source: MayoClinic).

Causes of SPM is not renowned with certainty. although, there are ideas about the factors that may cause the syndrome. Symptoms seem to change with hormonal fluctuations, which proposes that the cycle of hormonal changes may be the main origin. alterations in grades of serotonin, a neurotransmitter involved in feeling control, can furthermore cause SPM. Certain aspects of diet such as reduced grades of vitamins and minerals may furthermore be responsible for some symptoms of SPM. Salty nourishment can cause SPM to boost water keeping.
Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea is the nonattendance of menstruation, both in women over the age of sixteen who have not begun menstruating or in women who never had a normal time span but then halted. The most widespread reason is the nonattendance of menstruation pregnancy. Other causes of amenorrhea include breastfeeding, farthest weight decrease, consuming disorders, exercise too hard, tension, hormonal difficulties, and reproductive body part difficulties.

In adolescence and middle-aged, amenorrhea does not habitually show pregnancy or disorder. Tend to be highly irregular menstruation in the first few years of menstruation and can become irregular again as a woman close to menopause.
Dysmenorrhea

occasionally very sore menstruation. This condition is called dysmenorrhea, which may be due to disease or other disorders. One such infection is uterine fibroids (uterine fibroids). Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that can augment in the sinews of the uterus and occasionally origin pain during menstruation. Fibroids may need treatment if it determinants pain or hefty bleeding, but often does not origin the difficulty so it does not need treatment. Uterine fibroids are inclined to shrink after menopause.

Other diseases that can origin sore cramps is endometriosis. This condition origins the endometrium augments somewhere outside the uterus, generally in the abdominal cavity. When the body lost the endometrium each month, this network can not go out the body. In supplement to cramps, endometriosis can origin irritation and blemishes in the area surrounding the endometrium, irregular bleeding, infertility, and agony throughout or after sex (dyspareunia).

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How the Menstrual Cycle Underway

Did you know that when a baby young female was born, she has far more eggs in her body than she will ever use, as numerous as 450,000? They are stored in the ovaries, each interior its own sac called a follicle. When he was growing up, at puberty, her body started to make a kind of hormones that origin the eggs to mature. This was the starting of the first cycle (called menarkhe), a cycle that will be recurring throughout life until menopause.

usual menstrual cycle, from the first day of bleeding to the first day of the next bleeding, divided into three parts: the follicular stage, ovulatory stage, and the luteal stage.
Follicular stage

The first part is from day 1 until ovulation. This is called the follicular stage, because the most important thing at this stage is the maturation of the follicle. In a 28-day cycle, this stage of roughly 14 days, shorter in shorter circuits, longer in the long cycle.

Let's start with the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus is a gland in the mind that is to blame for regulating desire, hunger, sleep patterns, libido and endocrine functions. It issues chemical messengers called follicle stimulating hormone issuing component (FSH-RF) which notifies the pituitary, another gland in the mind, to do its job. The pituitary then issued follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and a bit of luteinizing hormone (LH) into the bloodstream which determinants the follicles start to mature (number of follicles extending from 3-30).

Mature follicles then issue another hormone, estrogen. Estrogen is made by the units that enclose the egg in the ovarian follicle (called granulosa cells). As the follicles mature for about seven days, more estrogen is issued into the blood stream. The major function of estrogen is to make the coating of the uterus to thicken. This causes the cervical mucus changes. When estrogen grades come to a certain issue, the hypothalamus releases luteinizing hormone issuing component (LH-RF) which ordered the pituitary gland to issue large allowances of luteinizing hormone (LH). This LH rush initiates the most mature follicle to rupture and release the egg. This is called ovulation. (Birth command pills usually work by impeding the LH rush, therefore inhibiting the release of an egg.)
Ovulatory stage

This is the shortest stage, which occurs around 16-32 after the LH rush.

Just before ovulation, bigger blood provide to the ovaries and ovarian ligaments to agreement to get nearer to the fallopian tubes, therefore allowing the egg, one time released, to find its way into the fallopian tubes. Just before ovulation, a woman's cervix that put out a allotment of cervical mucus or stretchy like egg white pith. This mucus assists facilitate the action of sperm toward the egg. Some women use daily mucous monitoring to work out when they are most expected to get with child. In the middle of the cycle, some women also know-how cramping or other feelings. Basal body warmth increases after ovulation and resides higher by about 0.5 qualifications until a couple of days before the next period.

At the fallopian tubes, the egg units are driven by a small-tipped hairs called "cilia", to the uterus. Fertilization occurs when no sperm are present.
Luteal Phase

The last stage is the luteal stage or post-ovulatory stage. Called the luteal stage because this stage of the basic function played by the corpus luteum.

round the time of ovulation, the granulosa units make estrogen change. Which the egg is issued from the follicle turns into the corpus luteum (yellow body), which produces progesterone (progestin). The most significant is the role of progesterone causes endometrial alterations that the uterus to obtain the embryo implantation. Without progesterone, pregnancy can not happen. (Most of the abortion pharmaceutical works by impeding progesterone and halt implantation).

In the next stage, if fertilization and implantation does not happen, the follicle turns white and is called the corpus albicans. Arteries in the endometrial lining closes, halting the flow of body-fluid to the surface of the outer layer. Blood will be accumulated in "venous lagoons" which, one time full, burst and pattern the lining of the endometrium with menstrual flow. Most periods last 4 to 8 days.

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Menstrual Disorders

Women can have diverse problems with menstruation / menstrual them. The problem may be not menstruate at all to heavy and prolonged menstruation.

Menstrual pattern may be irregular, but if the expanse between menstruation less than 21 days neither more than 3 months, or if your period lasts more than 10 days then you should be cognizant of ovulation problems or other health conditions.
1. Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea is no menstruation. This period is used for women who have not started menstruating after the age of 15 years (primary amenorrhea) and the cessation of menstruation for 3 months, whereas before been time span (secondary amenorrhea).

Primary amenorrhea is generally caused by hormonal disorders or development problems. Secondary amenorrhea can be initiated by low gonadotropin-releasing hormone (regulating the menstrual cycle), tension, anorexia , extreme heaviness decrease, thyroid disorders, workout, birth command pills and ovarian cysts.
2. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a assembly of physical symptoms, emotions, and behaviors that routinely occur in the last week of the luteal stage (a week before menstruation). Symptoms usually do not start until 13 days before the cycle, and completed inside 4 days after bleeding starts.

Some of the symptoms of PMS are often seen:

Breast tenderness and swelling
Depressed , irritable, moody and emotional instability (mood swings)
Not interested in sex (decreased libido)
Periodic acne
Abdominal bloating or cramping
Headache or junction agony
Wakeful
tough defecation (BAB)

3. Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea is sore menstruation. Menstrual pain happens in the smaller abdomen but can disperse to the smaller back and thighs. agony can furthermore be escorted by severe abdominal cramps. Cramps are derived from contractions in the uterus, which is a usual part of the method of menstruation, and usually first sensed when I begun bleeding and continued until 32-48 hours.

Dysmenorrhea experienced by adolescents is usually not due to infection (primary dysmenorrhea). On older women, dysmenorrhea can be caused by certain diseases (secondary dysmenorrhea), such as uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammation, endometriosis or ectopic pregnancy .

prime dysmenorrhea symptoms can be alleviated with pain relievers / anti-inflammatory such as ibuprofen, ketoprofen and naproxen. workout, compress with a moderately hot water bottle, and a moderately hot bath can furthermore ease agony.

When menstrual agony uneased by agony medication, then it is likely a lesser dysmenorrhea initiated by certain diseases.
4. Menorrhagia

Menorrhagia is the medical period for excessive menstrual bleeding. In a normal menstrual cycle, women on mean lost about 30 ml of blood for about 7 days of menstruation. When bleeding after 7 days or too heavy (more than 80 ml), then categorized menorrhagia.

The major origin of menorrhagia is an imbalance of estrogen and progesterone in the body. The imbalance determinants the endometrium extends to pattern. When the body gets rid of the endometrium through menstruation, bleeding becomes critical.

Menorrhagia can furthermore be initiated by thyroid disorders, body-fluid diseases, and inflammation / infection of the vagina or cervix .
5. Abnormal Bleeding

Abnormal vaginal bleeding (outside of menstruation), among other ones:

Bleeding between menstrual time span
Bleeding after sex
Bleeding after the menopause

Abnormal bleeding initiated by many things. Your medical practitioner may start by examining the most common troubles in your age assembly. grave troubles such as uterine fibroids, polyps, or even cancerous diseaseous diseaseous disease may be the cause of abnormal bleeding.

Both in adolescents and women approaching menopause, hormonal alterations can origin irregular menstrual cycles.

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Irregular Menstruation: Causes and Handling

Irregular menstruation you? Do not concern though because generally it does not show any thing dangerous. Most women have skilled.

although, before stating your time span irregular, let us first acquiesce on what is called irregular. Not all women are the identical. There are women who have a menstrual cycle frequently, such as "calendar life", there are irregular. The most widespread cycle is 28 days, but can alter from 21 to 35 days. starting of the cycle ahead or backward 1 to 3 days is usual. Menstrual bleeding generally lasts for 5 days, but the bleeding up to 7 days is still considered normal. 'I am a woman ...'

Irregular menstruation is called only when not following the usual pattern of your cycle. Anovulation (no egg issue) is a foremost cause of the hold up menstruation in numerous women. This status is considered usual if it occurs only once or two times a year. Irregular menstruation is also within a couple of months or years after menarche (menarkhe). This is because the hormones that control menstruation takes time to come to equilibrium.

Irregular menstruation initiated by things associated to way of life or wellbeing matters.
1. Lifestyle

Certain lifestyle can disturb the menstrual cycle, including:

Increased tension. This is the most widespread cause. When you experience tension due to overwork, force from associates or family demands, your time span may become irregular. When you're worried, the adrenal glands secrete cortisol hormones that have a direct impact on some of the hormones engaged in menstruation such as estrogen and progesterone .
farthest weight decrease. Though low weight is a widespread cause of irregular time span, obesity furthermore can origin menstrual troubles. In this situation, the mind can not initiate the right hormones for follicle development, which is needed to make estrogen.
Breastfeeding. numerous women experience menstrual irregularities through breastfeeding.
Contraception . Pill and intrauterine apparatus (IUDs) / spiral can cause bleeding between menstrual time span. Mild bleeding is common when a new take contraceptive tablets. IUD / spiral even furthermore can origin heavy bleeding.
Malnutrition, drugs, smoking, and caffeine in certain situations can disturb the menstrual cycle.

2. Health situation

Some wellbeing situation that can disturb the menstrual cycle, among others:

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS happens when a very little multiple cysts evolve in the ovaries. The ovaries produce follicles that produce high grades of estrogen but never release an egg, resulting in irregular menstruation.
Hormonal imbalance associated to perimenopause. Perimenopause is a transitional stage before menopause hormonal. Technically, menopause occurs when you halt menstruation for 12 consecutive months since last menstruation. although, there is seldom a woman who menstruate frequently until it suddenly stopped entirely. Much more common is altering the menstrual cycle for a couple of years or months before coming to menopause. This irregularity is initiated by an imbalance of progesterone, a hormone that regulates the allowance and length of bleeding. Fluctuations in progesterone makes menstruation lasts longer or shorter.
Androgen hormone imbalance. Few women know-how irregular periods due to having too much androgen. Male hormone that is commonly only somewhat in the feminine body can origin hair growth on the face, chin, barrel, and abdomen, and is occasionally affiliated with excessive heaviness.
Thyroid disorders. Thyroid gland produces hormones that hold the body's metabolism. Thyroid function is closely connected to all the hormones in your body. Thyroid hormones are not balanced as in hypothyroidism can lead to a variety of symptoms such as irregular time span, fatigue, heaviness gain, and despondency.
Premature ovarian malfunction. This condition is when you halt menstruating before age 40. Surgery, chemotherapy, and abdominal or pelvic emission treatment can origin premature ovarian malfunction .
Other situation such as uterine abnormalities (fibroids, cysts, polyps, endometriosis), irritable bowel syndrome, tuberculosis, heart infection, and diabetes can furthermore cause irregular time span, whereas rare.

Tips for You

Menstrual irregularities arise from hormonal imbalances. anything you do to refurbish hormonal balance will also restore your menstrual cycle.

The following tips may help:

Reduce tension and advance your nutritional status. Try to rest and relish life more. Enough rest at evening. Change your diet to make it more balanced with the bigger intake of convoluted carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables and water.
Exercise regularly, but moderate.
If you concern origin irregular menstruation is a infection or other status, consult a doctor. inquire your doctor the possible determinants of your menstrual irregularities. You especially need to see a doctor if your periods are furthermore escorted by heavy or extended bleeding, agony after sex , abdominal agony , excessive hair development, weight gain for no cause, or smelling release.


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6 Cara Menghilangkan Jerawat secara alami


Cara alami menghilangkan jerawat - Cara Menghilangkan Jerawat - Kecantikan seseorang akan lebih memancar apabila memiliki tubuh yang ideal dan wajah yang bersih. Jerawat adalah salah satu penyebab kecantikan di wajah menjadi terganggu. Banyak remaja, bahkan dewasa sering mengalami hal ini. Untuk itu butuh penanganan agar kecantikan anda tidak terganggu. Tidak perlu dengan bahan-bahan kimia, cukup dengan bahan alami yang ada di sekitar kita. Berikut adalah 6 Cara Menghilangkan Jerawat secara alami :

1. Putih Telur
Putih telur berfungsi untuk menyerap minyak yang berlebihan pada wajah yang menyebabkan timbulnya jerawat. Oleskan putih telur ke permukaan wajah anda yang terkena jerawat, diamkan selama 15 menit. Kemudian basuh dengan air.

2. Tomat
Tomat juga mempunyai fungsi dapat meghilangkan komedo pada wajah anda. Menggunakan tomat akan terasa wajah anda dingin, dengan cara menempelkan irisan tomat di atas jerawat anda dan diamkan selama 15 menit. Lakukan lah rutin melakukan hal ini selama 1 minggu.

3. Bawang Putih
Bahan alami yang satu ini mempunyai banyak sekali khasiat yang luar biasa, salah satunya dapat menghilankan jerawat anda. Tumbuklah bawang putih, kemudian oleskan ke jerawat anda. Diamkan selama 10 menit dan bilas dengan air. Lakukanlah rutin selama 1 minggu.

4. Lidah Buaya
Selain untuk kesehatan rambut, lidah buaya juga mempunyai kandungan vitamin E yang bagus untuk kulit anda. Terkhusus nya dapat menghilankan jerawat. Oleskan cairan lidah buaya yang sudah diiris ke jerawat anda kemudian diamkan selama 15 menit. Anda bisa melakukannya setiap pagi atau sore sebelum mandi.

5. Jeruk Nipis
Zat Citric Acid yang terkandung dalam jeruk nipis mampu menghilangkan sel-sel kulit mati pada wajah penyebab jerawat. Peras jeruk nipis di kemudian basuk air jeruk nipis ke wajah anda. Lakukan rutin selama 1 minggu untuk hasil yang lebih maksimal.

6. Mentimun/ ketimun
Buah ketimun mempunyai sensasi dingin karena memiliki kandungan air yang banyak. Sensasi dingin pada ketimun mampu mengurangi rasa panas yang ditimbulkan akibat jerawat, sehingga mampu mengurangi jerawat anda. Oleskan irisan ketimun pada jerawat anda, dan diamkan selama 15 menit. Anda juga bisa memakan Buah Ketimun karena juga memiliki beberapa zat yang mampu menghilangkan jerawat.

Dan bila cara alami diatas masih belum dapat maksimal menghilangkan jerawat, maka anda saya sarankan untuk berkonsultasi dengan dokter kulit anda. Semoga 6 tips dan Cara Menghilangkan Jerawat Secara Alami di atas bermanfaat bagi anda.

Indikator Status Kesehatan Wanita

Indikator Kesehatan Wanita

Rendahnya suatu kualitas hidup sebagian besar Wanita di Indonesia disebabkan oleh masih terbatasnya wawasan, pendidikan, lingkungan sosial budaya yang belum kondusif dan merata terhadap kemajuan wanita dan belum dipahaminya konsep gender di dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat dan berkeluarga.
Jaman dulu banyak orang tua yang membedakan pendidikan antara anak laki-laki dan perempuan, kata mereka anak perempuan itu setinggi apapun pendidikan mereka perginya kedapur, tapi kini jaman sudah berubah sudah banyak wanita yang menempati posisi di bidang yang dulu ditempati oleh laki-laki, tapi justru itulah yang menyebabkan semakin kurangnya kesadaran akan kesehatan wanita, saat ini banyak wanita yang bekerja di pabrik yang menerapkan sistem kerja sift, padahal dirumah mereka masih punya tanggungan merawat anak dan suami dan itu menyebabkan terforsirnya tenaga para pekerja wanita dan meningkatkan resiko sakit lebih banyak.

Indikator kesehatan wanita di Indonesia semakin memprihatinkan saja adapun Indikator Kesehatan Wanita, itu Terdiri dari :
1. Kesehatan Ibu di Indonesia
Masa Kehamilan, persalinan dan nifas adalah penyebab kematian, penyakit dan kecacatan pada Wanita usia produktif di Indonesia.Menurut WHO penyebab tingginya angka kematian ibu didunia itu dipengaruhi oleh 3 faktor yaitu infeksi, perdarahan dan penyulit persalinan lalu 5 penyebab utama kematian pada ibu saat melahirkan adalah perdarahan postpartum, sepsis puerperal, abortus, eklamsia, dan persalinan terhambat.
Rumus;
AKI= Jumlah kematian ibu karena
Kehamilan kelahiran dan nifas X 100%(1000)
jumlah kelahiran hidup


2. Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja di Indonesia
Di indonesia angka pernikahan dini ( menikah di usia muda) banyak kita jumpai diseluruh wilayah indonesia. Sekitar kurang lebih 10 % remaja melahirkan anak pertama mereka pada usia 15-19 tahun. Kehamilan di usia remaja akan meningkatkan resiko kematian dua atau empat kali lebih tinggi dibandingkan perempuan yang hamil pada usia dewasa atau 20 tahun keatas. Demikian pula resiko kematian pada bayi yang dilahirkan oleh remaja kira-kira 30% lebih tinggi jika dibandingkan bayi yang dilahirkan oleh wanita 20 tahun keatas.

Hal itu disebabkan karena kebanyakan pada usia remaja tidak memiliki pengetahuan yang akurat soal kesehatan reproduksi wanita dan seksualitas juga tidak memiliki atau tidak adanya akses terhadap pelayanan dan informasi kesehatan reproduksi, termasuk cara kontrasepsi yang baik, karena hal ini masih dianggap tabu oleh kebanyakan remaja di Indonesia. Informasi kadang diperoleh dari teman atau media yang sering tidak akurat. Hal ini yang menyebabkan remaja perempuan rentan terhadap kematian maternal, kematian anak dan bayi, aborsi tidak aman, IMS, kekerasan seksual juga pelecehan seksual dan lain sebagainya.

3. Indikator Penghasilan
Saat Penghasilan wanita meningkat, maka pola pikir dari pemenuhan pemenuhan kebutuhan pokok saja menjadi pemenuhan kebutuhan yang lainnya, khususnya peningkatan kesehatan perempuan. Banyak keadaan kurang darah / anemia pada usia hamil yang sering kali disebabkan karena kurangnya asupan gizi seimbang . Anemia pada ibu hamil akan lebih memberikan dampak yang bisa mengancam keselamatan ibu saat melahirkan.

4. Indikator Pendidikan
Pendidikan sangat berpengaruh pada sikap wanita terhadap kesehatan, rendahnya pendidikan pada wanita itu membuat si wanita kurang peduli akan kesehatan mereka. Karena rendahnya pengetahuan yang mereka miliki akan kesehatan membuat mereka kurang mengenal bahaya yang mengancam kesehatan wanita.

Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Indikator Status Kesehatan Wanita
  • Sosial Ekonomi
    Kemiskinan
    Status wanita yang rendah
  • Faktor Pelayanan Kesehatan
    Faktor penolong
    Faktor sarana
    Faktor akses ke fasilitas kesehatan
  • Faktor Personality
    Perawatan antenatal
    Paritas
    Gizi kurang
    Keselamatan kerja
  • Faktor Psikologi
    Konflik dan peran seksual
    Riwayat penyalahgunaan seksual

Demikianlah ulasan saya di Indikator Status Kesehatan Wanita semoga artikel ini bermanfaat bagi kta semua.